Postoperative Nursing of Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Treated by Vitrectomy combined with Silicone Oil Injection
Vitrectomy is the only effective method to treat proliferative diabetic retinopathy and to save the visual function of patients. It is difficult to operate. The recovery rate of retina, the improvement of visual acuity and the discomfort of pain after operation are inseparable from nursing care. This article discussed the nursing methods and effects of vitrectomy combined with silicone oil injection in the treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy. According to the patient's condition, clinical characteristics, post-operative and related treatment requirements, strict nursing intervention measures were put forward and implemented. Result: 48 eyes were completely anatomically repositioned, 8 eyes were not completely repositioned, 42 eyes had improved vision, 14 eyes had no obvious change, the pain rate was 16%, and no serious complications such as retinal detachment and massive vitreous hemorrhage occurred after operation. Conclusion: Vitrectomy combined with silicone oil injection is effective in the treatment of PDR. Postoperative nursing intervention can reduce the incidence of complications, promote the recovery of vision and relieve postoperative pain.